Lexicon

Greek

Greek Transliteration English Explanation
ἀκρασία Akrāsíā Dissolution Lack of temperance; inability to restrain oneself in spite of the knowledge of virtue and vice.
ἀπορία Aporíā Paradox a- (‘without’) + poros (‘passage’). Double-bind; paradox; impossible decision. See black-and-white fallacy.
δῆμος Dêmos People The people; the collective.
δοξάζειν Doxázein Dogmatizing Abiding by common sense; the ἐναντίον of θαυμάζειν.
ἐναντίον Enantíon Contrary One side of an ἐναντιότης: up, good, right, etc.
ἐναντία Enantía Contraries Plural of ἐναντίον.
ἐναντιότης Enantiotēs Contrariety A pair of ἐναντία: up and down, good and bad, right and left.
ἐναντιότητες Enantiotētes Contrarieties Plural of ἐναντιότης.
ἐναντιοδρομία Enantíodromia Enantio- (‘contrary’) + dromos (‘course’); the tendency of ἐναντία to turn into their opposites. Cf. Heraclitus, Hegel, Jung
ἰδιώτης Idiōtēs Individual The individual qua individual; the individual apart from the collective.
λόγος Lógos Reason τὸ ὂν in the form of the truth; the ἐναντίον of μύθος.
μύθος Mûthos Myth Myth; poetry; literature; the ἐναντίον of λόγος.
σκοπός Skopós Aim Etymon of scope.
τέλος Télos Purpose End, fulfillment, purpose.
τὸ ὂν Tó ón Being The summum genus, highest genus.
τὸ ὂν ᾗ ὄν Tó ón êi ón Being qua being The theme of metaphysics.
θαυμάζειν Thaumázein Wondering Astonished wondering at τὸ ὂν ᾗ ὄν.

(Notice that there is a gap in the table: with what English word can we translate ἐναντιοδρομία? ‘Karma’ seems to have a rather individualistic connotation.)